This mode of organization has not supplanted the sole custody, since according to a survey by the Ministry of Justice, the residence of the children, was set alternately :
– For 21.5% of divorces by mutual consent between 1996 and 2007 (source : Infostat 2009),
– In 4.4% of cases in the context of a divorce for fault.
This type of residence would now be chosen by almost a separate family of five.
A proposed law, filed in October 2011 by Richard Mallié and supported by a hundred deputies of the majority appears intended to promote this mode of residence :
“In the absence of agreement, in the case of joint parental responsibility, the judge reviews a priority, at the request of one of the parents at least, the possibility of fixing the housing of the child equally between its parents “,
There is no desire to generalize, but simply to ” deliver the child at the centre of the debate by offering him the possibility, if the conditions are met, to be cared for by both its parents.
This debate concerned the specialists of the early childhood such as the association Enfance et Partage, in particular, on the residence alternée of very young children.
This theme is indeed the subject of the recurring issues the platform call, “Hello Parents” Baby ” managed by the association.
For less than three years, the residence alternée, however, remains exceptional in children under three years of age.
The psychoanalyst Claude BOUKOBZA highlights the importance for a child to have a home :
“The child’s need for continuity and serenity. If it loses its spatio-temporal reference points, it loses its security.”