To fight global warming, but contribute to deforestation ? Not sure the world really earns. The large-scale use of alternative fuels envisaged in the air transport will lead to more production of palm oil and thus to the felling of more trees, put in custody Tuesday, a collective of NGOS.
“Create whole new market for biofuels will exacerbate the harm caused by the existing policies on promotion of biofuels for road transport in the EU, the United States and elsewhere,” denounces the collective of a hundred international NGOS in a letter addressed to the Organization of the international civil aviation organization (ICAO). The specialized agency of the UN, which is to meet Wednesday in Mexico city to address its “vision” of alternative fuels, in the context of its contribution to the fight against global warming.
Goal 50% biofuels by 2050
According to a document available on its website, the “vision” envisages a passage of the “sustainable aviation fuels” to 2% of the total fuel in the sector by 2025 (5 million tonnes per year), 32% in 2040 (128 million tonnes per year) and 50% in 2050 (285 million tonnes per year). This increased consumption of alternative fuels would mean, according to the NGOS, “almost certainly” use more of palm oil, which has been accused of contributing to deforestation and climate change.
The environmental impacts of alternative fuels “are not lower than those of fossil fuels”, will continue to ensure the NGOS, which call for the 191 member States of ICAO to “oppose” to their development.
“Biofuels are already responsible for large scale deforestation, appropriation of land, violations of Human rights and a loss of sovereignty and food security”, has denounced in a press release, Mary Louise Malig, Global Forest Coalition.
“To refuel the aircraft with, in addition to cars, would amplify these impacts of concern, without doing anything to address climate change.”
The NGOS call for the place to “take urgent measures to reduce the impacts of aviation on the climate by slowing and eventually reversing growth”, in particular by putting an end to the subsidies, by stopping the expansion of airports and investment in other modes of transport, such as rail.