This is an announcement now that will make you scream motorists and car manufacturers, including Anne Hidalgo has the secret, and she has even made a real trademark. The mayor of Paris has announced that by 2030, the capital will not accept more than petrol cars. In other words, after the prohibition provided for in 2024 of diesel cars, Paris will not allow any vehicle to engine heat rolling out into the streets.
No ban, but a “trajectory”
According to the City of Paris, this ad echoes the project of Nicolas Hulot prohibit all engines thermal by 2040.
“This government’s aim is for the whole of the French territory, rural areas included. If one wants it to be achieved, this implies that the output of diesel and gasoline to intervene several years before in an urban area, and particularly in the big cities, ” writes the municipality in a press release.
On the other hand, the city refutes the term ” ban “and prefers to refer to a” trajectory that seems both credible and sustainable “.
“To achieve this, Paris account on the development of alternatives and the strengthening of financial aid incentives for individuals and professionals to buy clean vehicles,” said the release.
The city of Paris recalls that car manufacturers are now numerous, if not sufficient, to propose solutions for electric cars or, at least, of the plans produced to this effect. It also has alternatives such as the solutions of new forms of mobility : the bicycle, car-sharing, cars in self-service…
The critics will rain
The decision of the City of Paris is expected to meet with the same criticisms the successive dotted around transport policy paris for several years. The municipalities of small crown will still denounce a policy parisiano-paris that they must themselves bear the consequences. Motorists can deplore, on the other hand, a policy that penalizes the classes with the most popular whose access to cars own is still difficult.
Manufacturers of cars, finally, will repeat again that, for the time being, the carbon footprint of the electric car, as a whole, is far from being optimal. According to some specialists, the CO2 balance of an electric car (taking into account the manufacturing of the batteries with the exploitation of rare earths) is just below that of a combustion vehicle.
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In addition, the generalization of the all-electric will require a massive investment in charging infrastructure, but also in the electric network. Not to mention the cost of subsidies for the purchase of electric cars.
What about the plug-in hybrid ?
The city of Paris does not clarify what she means by car fuel as plug-in hybrids allow them to be run 100% electric on 50 km, and probably 100 km in 2030. This solution is perfect in an urban environment, yet these cars still have a combustion engine, more practical for long distances. Will they be banned ? And what kind of control to verify that they operate well in electric in Paris intra-muros ?
For many, the City of Paris has made the car the enemy, regardless of its form. It takes up too much space in the urban fabric and induces noise as much sound as health. Moreover, the issue of traffic congestion will not be better resolved if the park is converted into electric cars. However, the mobility needs of the ile-de-france will have to find solutions that are sustainable and competitive.
Car sharing, an adequate response and economic development ?
The capillarity of public transport will not be sufficient to serve all the urban areas, particularly in the suburbs, even as their mobility needs are immense. The car shared, in particular on journeys short distance, might as well make it possible to overcome the so-called problem of ” last mile “.
In the words of Christopher Najdovsky, deputy mayor of Paris in charge of transport, if the occupancy rate of a vehicle passes an average of 1.2 person as currently 1.7 person, ” we will have solved all the traffic problems “. According to the startups specialized in the carpool a short distance, this solution may even achieve a ratio of 2.5 persons. They remind us that this solution has the advantage of costing nothing to the public purse, unlike the $ 10 billion spent each year by all local authorities within the paris region in the transport, expenses that could explode if it needed to be more to the area by public transport.
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The City of Paris has of course developed a few mobility solutions, first and foremost, Autolib. This service allows you to travel to Paris in an electric car, and the stations are now scattered in small and sometimes even large crown. The increase of the autonomy of electric cars could, in the end, allow to further increase the radius of action of this system. The change of concession for the bicycle-sharing for the benefit of the startup Smoove will offer Parisians a power-assisted bicycle which will increase the distances traveled, or at least to broaden its audience.
Of the consultation for an ecosystem multi-modal
In reality, it will be difficult to provide answers that are unique to mobility problems. Multimodality will be the true mantra of an ecosystem of mobility virtuous and mature, and that will necessarily, in a multi-stakeholder issue. For the time being, the City of Paris is accused of multiply ads spectacular and coercive… This communication will have to evolve if it wants to avoid falling into the trap of the debate politician cleaving…